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VCP550 VMware Certified Professional – Data Center Virtualization

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Product Description

Exam Code: VCP550

Exam Name: VMware Certified Professional – Data Center Virtualization

Q & A : 267 Q&As

Sample: VCP550 Free Online Test

 

The VCP550 Exam consists of 135 questions and a short pre-exam survey consisting of 8 questions.The VCP550 exam is available in English.The time limit for the exam is 120 minutes, with an additional 15 minutes to complete the survey questions and agreements. Candidates who take the VCP550 Exam and have a home address in a country where English is not a primary language will have an additional 30 minutes added to the exam time.

The passing score for this VCP550 exam is 300, using a scaled scoring method. The scale is from 100-500. Scaled scores are calculated using a mathematical formula that considers a variety of factors, including the number and type of exam questions included in a specific version of the exam. Note: This VCP550 exam contains new content on vSphere version 5.5, so please prepare accordingly.

Objectives:

Section 1 – Plan, Install, Configure and Upgrade vCenter Server and VMware ESXi

Objective 1.1 – Identify and Explain vSphere Architecture and Solutions
Knowledge
Identify available vSphere editions and features
Identify the various data center solutions that interact with vSphere (Horizon, SRM, etc.)
Explain ESXi and vCenter Server architectures
Determine appropriate vSphere edition based on customer requirements
Tools
VMware vSphere Basics guide
What’s New in vSphere 5.5 – Platform
Introduction to VMware vSphere 5
VMware Virtualization Toolkit
vSphere 5.x Licensing, Pricing and Packaging Whitepaper

Objective 1.2 — Install and Configure vCenter Server

Knowledge
Identify available vCenter Server editions
Identify vCenter Server and vCenter Server database requirements
Identify Single Sign-On requirements
Deploy the vCenter Appliance
Install vCenter Server into a virtual machine
Size the vCenter Server database
Install and Configure the vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client
Install additional vCenter Server components
Install/Remove vSphere Client plug-ins
Enable/Disable vSphere Client plug-ins
License vCenter Server
Create a database connection to the vCenter Server database
Determine availability requirements for a vCenter Server in a given vSphere implementation
Tools
VMware vSphere Basics guide
vSphere Installation and Setup guide
vCenter Server and Host Management guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 1.3 – Install and Configure VMware ESXi

Knowledge
Identify ESXi host requirements
Perform an interactive installation of ESXi using media or PXE
Configure NTP on an ESXi Host
Configure DNS and routing on an ESXi Host
Enable/Configure/Disable hyperthreading
Select a CPU power management policy
Enable/Size/Disable memory compression cache
License an ESXi host
Tools
VMware vSphere Basics guide
vSphere Installation and Setup guide
vCenter Server and Host Management guide
Direct Console User Interface (DCUI)
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 1.4 – Plan and Perform Upgrades of vCenter Server and VMware ESXi

Knowledge
Identify upgrade requirements for ESXi hosts
Identify steps required to upgrade a vSphere implementation
Upgrade a vSphere Distributed Switch
Upgrade from VMFS3 to VMFS5
Upgrade VMware Tools
Upgrade Virtual Machine hardware
Upgrade an ESXi Host using vCenter Update Manager
Stage multiple ESXi Host upgrades
Determine whether an in-place upgrade is appropriate in a given upgrade scenario
Tools
VMware vSphere Basics guide
vSphere Installation and Setup guide
vSphere Upgrade guide
VMware vSphere Examples and Scenarios guide
Installing and Administering VMware vSphere Update Manager
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 1.5 –Secure vCenter Server and ESXi

Knowledge
Identify common vCenter Server privileges and roles
Describe how permissions are applied and inherited in vCenter Server
Describe Single Sign-On architecture
Configure and administer the ESXi firewall
Enable/Configure/Disable services in the ESXi firewall
Enable Lockdown Mode
Configure network security policies
View/Sort/Export user and group lists
Add/Modify/Remove permissions for users and groups on vCenter Server inventory objects
Create/Clone/Edit vCenter Server Roles
Add an ESXi Host to a directory service
Apply permissions to ESXi Hosts using Host Profiles
Differentiate Single-Sign-On Deployment Scenarios
Configure and administer Single Sign-On
Manage Single Sign-On users and groups
Determine the appropriate set of privileges for common tasks in vCenter Server
Tools
vSphere Installation and Setup guide
vCenter Server and Host Management guide
VMware vSphere Examples and Scenarios guide
vSphere Security guide
VMware® vCenter™ Single Sign-On Server
Replacing Default vCenter 5.1 and ESXi Certificates
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client
Direct Console User Interface (DCUI)

Section 2 – Plan and Configure vSphere Networking

Objective 2.1 – Configure vSphere Standard Switches

Knowledge
Identify vSphere Standard Switch (vSS) capabilities
Create/Delete a vSphere Standard Switch
Add/Configure/Remove vmnics on a vSphere Standard Switch
Configure vmkernel ports for network services
Add/Edit/Remove port groups on a vSphere Standard Switch
Determine use case for a vSphere Standard Switch
Tools
vSphere Installation and Setup guide
vSphere Networking guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 2.2 – Configure vSphere Distributed Switches

Knowledge
Identify vSphere Distributed Switch (vDS) capabilities
Create/Delete a vSphere Distributed Switch
Add/Remove ESXi hosts from a vSphere Distributed Switch
Add/Configure/Remove dvPort groups
Add/Remove uplink adapters to dvUplink groups
Configure vSphere Distributed Switch general and dvPort group settings
Create/Configure/Remove virtual adapters
Migrate virtual adapters to/from a vSphere Standard Switch
Migrate virtual machines to/from a vSphere Distributed Switch
Monitor dvPort state
Backup/Restore vDS configuration
Configure LACP on Uplink portgroups
Determine use case for a vSphere Distributed Switch
Tools
vSphere Installation and Setup guide
vSphere Networking guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 2.3 – Configure vSS and vDS Policies

Knowledge
Identify common vSS and vDS policies
Describe vDS Security Polices/Settings
Configure dvPort group blocking policies
Configure load balancing and failover policies
Configure VLAN/PVLAN settings
Configure traffic shaping policies
Enable TCP Segmentation Offload support for a virtual machine
Enable Jumbo Frames support on appropriate components
Determine appropriate VLAN configuration for a vSphere implementation
Tools
vSphere Installation and Setup guide
vSphere Networking guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Section 3 – Plan and Configure vSphere Storage

Objective 3.1 – Configure Shared Storage for vSphere

Knowledge
Identify storage adapters and devices
Identify storage naming conventions
Identify hardware/dependent hardware/software iSCSI initiator requirements
Compare and contrast array thin provisioning and virtual disk thin provisioning
Describe zoning and LUN masking practices
Scan/Rescan storage
Configure FC/iSCSI LUNs as ESXi boot devices
Create an NFS share for use with vSphere
Enable/Configure/Disable vCenter Server storage filters
Configure/Edit hardware/dependent hardware initiators
Enable/Disable software iSCSI initiator
Configure/Edit software iSCSI initiator settings
Configure iSCSI port binding
Enable/Configure/Disable iSCSI CHAP
Determine use case for hardware/dependent hardware/software iSCSI initiator
Determine use case for and configure array thin provisioning
Tools
vSphere Installation and Setup guide
vSphere Storage guide
VMware vSphere Examples and Scenarios guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 3.2 – Create and Configure VMFS and NFS Datastores

Knowledge
Identify VMFS and NFS Datastore properties
Identify VMFS5 capabilities
Create/Rename/Delete/Unmount a VMFS Datastore
Mount/Unmount an NFS Datastore
Extend/Expand VMFS Datastores
Upgrade a VMFS3 Datastore to VMFS5
Place a VMFS Datastore in Maintenance Mode
Select the Preferred Path for a VMFS Datastore
Disable a path to a VMFS Datastore
Determine use case for multiple VMFS/NFS Datastores
Determine appropriate Path Selection Policy for a given VMFS Datastore
Tools
vSphere Installation and Setup guide
vSphere Storage guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Section 4 – Deploy and Administer Virtual Machines and vApps

Objective 4.1 – Create and Deploy Virtual Machines

Knowledge
Identify capabilities of virtual machine hardware versions
Identify VMware Tools device drivers
Identify methods to access and use a virtual machine console
Identify virtual machine storage resources
Place virtual machines in selected ESXi hosts/Clusters/Resource Pools
Configure and deploy a Guest OS into a new virtual machine
Configure/Modify disk controller for virtual disks
Configure appropriate virtual disk type for a virtual machine
Create/Convert thin/thick provisioned virtual disks
Configure disk shares
Install/Upgrade/Update VMware Tools
Configure virtual machine time synchronization
Convert a physical machine using VMware Converter
Import a supported virtual machine source using VMware Converter
Modify virtual hardware settings using VMware Converter
Configure/Modify virtual CPU and Memory resources according to OS and application requirements
Configure/Modify virtual NIC adapter and connect virtual machines to appropriate network resources
Determine appropriate datastore locations for virtual machines based on application workloads
Tools
vSphere Virtual Machine Administration guide
Installing and Configuring VMware Tools Guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 4.2 – Create and Deploy vApps

Knowledge
Identify vApp settings
Create/Clone/Export a vApp
Add objects to an existing vApp
Edit vApp settings
Configure IP pools
Suspend/Resume a vApp
Determine when a tiered application should be deployed as a vApp
Tools
vSphere Virtual Machine Administration guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 4.3 – Manage Virtual Machine Clones and Templates

Knowledge
Identify Cloning and Template options
Identify content types
Clone an existing virtual machine
Create a template from an existing virtual machine
Deploy a virtual machine from a template
Update existing virtual machine templates
Deploy virtual appliances and/or vApps from an OVF template
Import and/or Export an OVF template
Create a Local/Remote Content Library with/without external storage (VMs, ISOs, Scripts, vApps)
Publish/Subscribe/Share a Content Library
Determine the appropriate deployment methodology for a given virtual machine application
Tools
vSphere Virtual Machine Administration guide
VMware vSphere Examples and Scenarios guide
VMware Open Virtualization Format Tool
OVF Tool User Guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 4.4 – Administer Virtual Machines and vApps

Knowledge
Identify files used by virtual machines
Identify locations for virtual machine configuration files and virtual disks
Identify common practices for securing virtual machines
Hot Extend a virtual disk
Configure USB passthrough from an ESXi Host
Configure Serial port redirection
Configure virtual machine options
Configure virtual machine power settings
Configure virtual machine boot options
Configure virtual machine troubleshooting options
Assign a Storage Policy to a virtual machine
Verify Storage Policy compliance for virtual machines
Determine when an advanced virtual machine parameter is required
Adjust virtual machine resources (shares, limits and reservations) based on virtual machine workloads
Tools
vSphere Virtual Machine Administration guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Section 5 – Establish and Maintain Service Levels

Objective 5.x – Create and Configure VMware Clusters

Knowledge
Describe DRS virtual machine entitlement
Create/Delete a DRS/HA Cluster
Add/Remove ESXi Hosts from a DRS/HA Cluster
Add/Remove virtual machines from a DRS/HA Cluster
Configure Storage DRS
Configure Enhanced vMotion Compatibility
Monitor a DRS/HA Cluster
Configure migration thresholds for DRS and virtual machines
Configure automation levels for DRS and virtual machines
Enable/Configure/Disable Host Power Management/Distributed Power Management
Enable BIOS P/C states
Create VM-Host and VM-VM affinity rules
Enable/Disable Host Monitoring
Enable/Configure/Disable virtual machine and application monitoring
Configure admission control for HA and virtual machines
Determine appropriate failover methodology and required resources for an HA implementation
Determine appropriate power threshold for a given implementation
Tools
vCenter Server and Host Management guide
vSphere Availability guide
vSphere Resource Management guide
vSphere Client

Objective 5.2 – Plan and Implement VMware Fault Tolerance

Knowledge
Identify VMware Fault Tolerance requirements
Configure VMware Fault Tolerance networking
Enable/Disable VMware Fault Tolerance on a virtual machine
Test an FT configuration
Determine use case for enabling VMware Fault Tolerance on a virtual machine
Tools
vSphere Availability guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 5.3 – Create and Administer Resource Pools

Knowledge
Describe the Resource Pool hierarchy
Define the Expandable Reservation parameter
Describe vFlash architecture
Create/Remove a Resource Pool
Configure Resource Pool attributes
Add/Remove virtual machines from a Resource Pool
Create/Delete vFlash Resource Pool
Assign vFlash resources to VMDKs
Determine Resource Pool requirements for a given vSphere implementation
Evaluate appropriate shares, reservations and limits for a Resource Pool based on virtual machine workloads
Tools
vSphere Resource Management guide
vSphere Virtual Machine Administration guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 5.4 – Migrate Virtual Machines

Knowledge
Identify ESXi host and virtual machine requirements for vMotion and Storage vMotion
Identify Enhanced vMotion Compatibility CPU requirements
Identify snapshot requirements for vMotion/Storage vMotion migration
Migrate virtual machines using vMotion/Storage vMotion
Configure virtual machine swap file location
Migrate a powered-off or suspended virtual machine
Utilize Storage vMotion techniques (changing virtual disk type, renaming virtual machines, etc.)
Tools
vSphere Resource Management guide
vSphere Virtual Machine Administration guide
VMware vSphere Examples and Scenarios guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 5.5 – Backup and Restore Virtual Machines

Knowledge
Identify snapshot requirements
Identify VMware Data Protection requirements
Explain VMware Data Protection sizing guidelines
Differentiate between VDP and VDPA
Describe vSphere Replication architecture
Create/Delete/Consolidate virtual machine snapshots
Install and Configure VMware Data Protection
Create a backup job with VMware Date Protection
Manage and monitor VDP capacity
Perform a test/live full/file-level restore with VMware Data Protection
Perform a VDR data migration
Install/Configure/Upgrade vSphere Replication
Configure Replication for Single/Multiple VMs
Recover a VM using vSphere Replication
Perform a failback operation using vSphere Replication
Determine appropriate backup solution for a given vSphere implementation
Tools
Introduction to VMware vSphere® Data Protection
vSphere Data Protection Administration Guide
Introduction to VMware vSphere® Replication
VMware vSphere Replication Administration
VDR Data Migration Tool
VDP Configure Utility
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 5.6 – Patch and Update ESXi and Virtual Machines

Knowledge
Identify patching requirements for ESXi hosts and virtual machine hardware/tools
Create/Edit/Remove a Host Profile from an ESXi host
Import/Export a Host Profile
Attach/Apply a Host Profile to an ESXi host or cluster
Perform compliance scanning and remediation of an ESXi host using Host Profiles
Install and Configure vCenter Update Manager
Configure patch download options
Create/Edit/Delete an Update Manager baseline
Attach an Update Manager baseline to an ESXi host or cluster
Scan and remediate ESXi hosts and virtual machine hardware/tools using Update Manager
Stage ESXi host updates
Tools
vSphere Host Profiles guide
Installing and Administering VMware vSphere Update Manager guide
Reconfiguring VMware vSphere Update Manager
VMware vSphere Examples and Scenarios guide
vSphere Update Manager Utility
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client
Update Manager Web Client

Section 6 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting

Objective 6.1 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for ESXi Hosts

Knowledge
Identify general ESXi host troubleshooting guidelines
Troubleshoot common installation issues
Monitor ESXi system health
Export diagnostic information
Tools
vCenter Server and Host Management guide
vSphere Monitoring and Performance guide
vSphere Troubleshooting guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 6.2 – Perform Basic vSphere Network Troubleshooting

Knowledge
Verify network configuration
Verify a given virtual machine is configured with the correct network resources
Troubleshoot virtual switch and port group configuration issues
Troubleshoot physical network adapter configuration issues
Identify the root cause of a network issue based on troubleshooting information
Tools
vSphere Networking guide
vSphere Troubleshooting guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 6.3 – Perform Basic vSphere Storage Troubleshooting

Knowledge
Verify storage configuration
Troubleshoot storage contention issues
Troubleshoot storage over-commitment issues
Troubleshoot iSCSI software initiator configuration issues
Troubleshoot Storage Reports and Storage Maps
Identify the root cause of a storage issue based on troubleshooting information
Tools
vSphere Storage guide
vSphere Troubleshooting guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 6.4 – Perform Basic Troubleshooting for HA/DRS Clusters and vMotion/Storage vMotion

Knowledge
Identify HA/DRS and vMotion requirements
Verify vMotion/Storage vMotion configuration
Verify HA network configuration
Verify HA/DRS cluster configuration
Troubleshoot HA capacity issues
Troubleshoot HA redundancy issues
Interpret the DRS Resource Distribution Graph and Target/Current Host Load Deviation
Troubleshoot DRS load imbalance issues
Troubleshoot vMotion/Storage vMotion migration issues
Interpret vMotion Resource Maps
Identify the root cause of a DRS/HA cluster or migration issue based on troubleshooting information
Tools
vSphere Availability guide
vSphere Resource Management guide
vSphere Monitoring and Performance guide
vSphere Troubleshooting guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Section 7 – Monitor a vSphere Implementation

Objective 7.1 – Monitor ESXi, vCenter Server and Virtual Machines

Knowledge
Describe how Tasks and Events are viewed in vCenter Server
Identify critical performance metrics
Explain common memory metrics
Explain common CPU metrics
Explain common network metrics
Explain common storage metrics
Compare and contrast Overview and Advanced Charts
Configure SNMP for vCenter Server
Configure Active Directory and SMTP settings for vCenter Server
Configure vCenter Server logging options
Create a log bundle
Create/Edit/Delete a Scheduled Task
Configure/View/Print/Export resource maps
Start/Stop/Verify vCenter Server service status
Start/Stop/Verify ESXi host agent status
Configure vCenter Server timeout settings
Monitor/Administer vCenter Server connections
Create an Advanced Chart
Determine host performance using guest Performance Monitor
Given performance data, identify the affected vSphere resource
Tools
vCenter Server and Host Management guide
vSphere Resource Management guide
vSphere Monitoring and Performance guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 7.2 – Create and Administer vCenter Server Alarms

Knowledge
List vCenter Server default utilization alarms
List vCenter Server default connectivity alarms
List possible actions for utilization and connectivity alarms
Create a vCenter Server utilization alarm
Create a vCenter Server connectivity alarm
Configure alarm triggers
Configure alarm actions
For a given alarm, identify the affected resource in a vSphere implementation
Tools
vCenter Server and Host Management guide
vSphere Resource Management guide
vSphere Monitoring and Performance guide
VMware vSphere Examples and Scenarios guide
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

Objective 7.3 – Install, Configure and Administer vCenter Operations Manager

Knowledge
Differentiate Major/Minor vCOPs badges
Explain vCOPs architecture
Deploy and Configure vCOPs appliance
Upgrade vCOPs
Understand metrics used by Major/Minor vCOPs badges
Monitor vSphere environment
For a given alarm, identify the affected resource in a vSphere implementation
Tools
VMware vCenter Operations Manager Getting Started Guide – vSphere UI
VMware vCenter Operations Manager Getting Started Guide – Custom UI
VMware vCenter Operations Manager Administration Guide
vSphere Monitoring and Performance guide
vCenter Operations Manager Custom User Interface
vSphere Client / vSphere Web Client

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